Compacted soil is stressful to lawns and reduces your grass' ability to compete with weeds. Combat this issue by adding aeration into your lawn-maintenance routine. Aeration encourages proper water absorption, reduces run-off, and allows nutrients to reach the roots of your grass.
To determine if your grass needs to be aerated, perform this simple test:
Perform test on a slightly damp day in spring or fall.
Push a screwdriver into the ground.
If it is difficult to push, you need to aerate.
If it is easy to push, you do not need to aerate.
If you determine aeration is needed, hire a professional or DIY!
A variety of aeration tools can be found at any local home improvement or garden store. Machines, typically the size of a lawn mower, are also available for rent. Before you begin, remember:
Aeration should be done when the soil is slightly damp, not dry or saturated.
Ensure all sprinkler heads are marked with flags.
Do not aerate in areas where drip irrigation is installed.